Happy New Year 2015


Monday, October 16, 2017

Self-Improvement-159: Never blame anyone ...

Never blame anyone in your life.  Good people give you Happiness. Bad people give your Experience. Worst people give you a Lesson and best people give you Memories.

A Thought for Today-686: Positive Thinking

No poison can kill a positive thinker - Unknown

Friday, October 13, 2017

India Watch-24: 560 princely states merge to form the Union of India

Just after birth of Independent India, we executed the world’s largest merger and acquisition activity, when 560 small princely states joined (merged) into the Union of India. Hardly any blood was spilt, nor any bullet fired.

Eyecatchers-18: Major Tax Fugitives of India

Cities with the richest tax fugitives

The Times of India has published an infographic in its column of Oct.12, 2017 the following, quoting the Income Tax Dept as its source:

Under its ‘Name and Shame’ policy, the income tax department publishes the list of income tax and corporate tax defaulters. So far it has named 96 defaulters. They all have tax arrears above Rs 1 crore, but are either not traceable or their assets are inadequate to cover the tax dues. Hyderabad was the last known address of 24 of these 96 defaulters, followed by Ahmedabad and Mumbai.

Tax defaulters and Tax arrrears:
Hyderabad 24 (Rs.1027 crores)
Ahmedabad 20 (Rs.486 crores)
Mumbai 12 (Rs.1,063 crores)
Delhi 6 (Rs. 24 crores)
Visakhapatnam 5 (Rs.17 crores)
Kolkata 4 (Rs.77 crores)
Pune 4 (Rs. 337 crores)
Surat 4 (Rs.76 crores)
Lucknow 3 (Rs. 284 crores)
Ludhiana 3 (Rs. 23 crores)
Bhopal 2 (Rs.20 crores)
Chandigarh 2 (Rs.26 crores)
Jaipur 2 (Rs. 90 crores)
Mangaluru 2 (Rs. 23 crores)
Guwahat 1 (Rs. 12 crores)
Panchmahal 1 (Rs. 27 crores)
Secunderabad 1 (Rs.2 crores)

Excerpt from The Times of India, Oct.12, 2017

Grateful thanks to The Times of India

Facts and Figures-86: Employment in IT in India

As of the year 2012, IT sector in India provided direct employment to 2.8 million and indirect employment to 8.9 million individuals. Considering the consistent growth of about 13% per year on workforce and revenues, we can assume that by the end of 2016 the entire IT sector will have close to 4.6 million direct employees and 14.5 million indirect employees in the sector.

Source: Quora.com
Grateful thanks to Quora.com

Self-Improvement-158: Ikigai


Ikigai is a Japanese concept that means "a reason for being." It is similar to the French phrase Raison d'ĂȘtre. Everyone, according to Japanese culture, has an ikigai. Finding it requires a deep and often lengthy search of self. Such a search is important to the cultural belief that discovering one's ikigai brings satisfaction and meaning to life. [Examples include work, hobbies and raising children].

In the culture of Okinawa, ikigai is thought of as "a reason to get up in the morning"; that is, a reason to enjoy life. In a TED Talk, Dan Buettner suggested ikigai as one of the reasons people in the area had such long lives.

The word ikigai is usually used to indicate the source of value in one's life or the things that make one's life worthwhile. Secondly, the word is used to refer to mental and spiritual circumstances under which individuals feel that their lives are valuable. It's not necessarily linked to one's economic status or the present state of society. Even if a person feels that the present is dark, but they have a goal in mind, they may feel ikigai. Behaviours that make us feel ikigai are not actions we are forced to take—these are natural and spontaneous actions.

In the article named Ikigai — jibun no kanosei, kaikasaseru katei ("Ikigai: the process of allowing the self's possibilities to blossom") Kobayashi Tsukasa says that "people can feel real ikigai only when, on the basis of personal maturity, the satisfaction of various desires, love and happiness, encounters with others, and a sense of the value of life, they proceed toward self-realization."

Excerpt from Wikipedia.

Grateful thanks to Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia

A Thought for Today-685: Thornton Wilder

Seek the lofty by reading, hearing and seeing great work at some moment every day - Thornton Wilder

Q&A-6: What percentage of the human body is bacteria?

What percentage of the human body is bacteria?
Jun 13, 2012
3 percent
The human body contains trillions of microorganisms — outnumbering human cells by 10 to 1. Because of their small size, however, microorganisms make up only about 1 to 3 percent of the body's mass (in a 200-pound adult, that's 2 to 6 pounds of bacteria), but play a vital role in human health.
Source: Google.com

Thursday, October 12, 2017

India Watch-23: The Right to Vote

We are the only nation in the world which gave every adult the right to vote from its first day. In the US the world’s second largest democracy this right was given more than 150 years after their independence.

Courtesy: Facebook

Eyecatchers-188: 2015 floods recharged Chennai's groundwater, but polluted it

2015 floods recharged Chennai's groundwater, but polluted it
Ram Sundaram | TNN | Oct 12, 2017, 08:08 IST

Researchers collected water samples from 22 spots along the adyar after the floods and in April 2016.

The 2015 floods may have recharged aquifers across the city, but it con taminated the groundwater with bacteria and chemical ions, a re search by Anna University has found. Bacterial counts and chemical ions in groundwater samples collected across the city exceeded Bureau of Indian Standard's (BIS) recommended limits, concludes the research recently published in `Nature'.

Researchers found presence of V Cholerae and S Typhi among other pathogens, which can cause cholera, typhoid, urinary tract and respiratory infections. These pathogens, when isolated from groundwater, have shown resistance to widely prescribed antibiotics like ceftriaxone, doxycycline and nalidixic acid.

Continued showers during the last fortnight of November 2015 and unprecedented rainfall on December 1 in the catchment area of Adyar inundated the bank of the river the next day . Samples were collected from 22 areas along the river soon after the floods and six months later in April 2016.

The research team during field visits found that several wells located on either side of the banks were flooded in December 2015 and in all the bore wells, the annular space between the casing and discharge pipe was not securely protected with water tight seals. One of the researchers, professor L Elango, said this led to the direct entry of surface water into the ground through the annular space.

The top few meters were highly weathered and turned into regolith, layer of unconsolidated solid material covering the bedrock, and a thin layer of alluvium (3m to 5 m) formed in some regions along the river, the research paper observed. "This supported sorption [a process by which a substance becomes attached to another] of contaminated urban run-off carrying sewage, water from industrial and domestic sources, printed papers, metal, batteries, oil and paint," said G Gowrisankar, who was also a part of this study .

The team compared the groundwater quality with drinking water standards specified by BIS and suggested that groundwater not only in flood-affected areas, but also in some non-affected locations were unsuitable for direct domestic use. Concern for water quality based on chemical constituents was mainly due to calcium (>200 miligraml) and sulphate (400 mgl) as they exceeded the BIS limits.

The study found that the total bacterial count (TBC) in groundwater was high in most of the affected locations. The runoff carrying domestic sewage entered the contaminated Adyar river and increased microbial counts in groundwater of affected areas. In non-affected regions, it was comparatively lower.Though these pathogens isolated from the groundwater showed resistance to antibiotics, namely ceftriaxone, doxycycline and nalidixic acid, they were sensitive to others including chloramphenicol, ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin, and tetracycline, the report concluded.

Courtesy: The Times of India dated

Grateful thanks to Mr.Ram Sundaram, TNN and The Times of India